Side Effect of Chemotherapy

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide responsible for about 8.8 million death in 2016. Treatment option for cancer include chemotherapy, radiotherapy  and surgery. there are many side effects of chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy:  chemotherapy destroy cancer cells by targeting rapidly dividing cells.

But in this process normal cells are also be likely to be damaged,  which include blood forming cells in the bone marrow, hair follicles,  and cells in the mouth, digestive tract and reproductive system.

Certain chemo drugs can also damage cell in the heart, kidney, bladder, lungs and nervous system.

Let See Some of The Common Side Effects of  The Chemotherapy

1. Fatigue:

During chemotherapy treatment most patients might experience fatigue and general weakness.

The persistent exhaustion and weakness  can make it hard everyday activities

In some patients chemotherapy can lead to anemia, and low blood cell count, which can worsen the fatigue.

2. Nousea And Vomiting:

Another common side effect of the chemotherapy is nausea and vomiting. This mainly occurs as a result of the damage to healthy cells in the stomach and intestinal lining by this process.

Antinausea  medication are given along with chemotherapy drugs to help alleviate this symptom.

3. Hair Loss:

Chemo therapy can also lead to hair loss.  This  will be seen in early time of treatment. You will to notice hair loss generally about one to three week after the initial treatment.

Losing hair, especially for women can be a depressing situation.

Not just the hairs of the head, this treatment can affect eyelashes, eyebrows, armpit hair, and pubic hair.


4. Diarrhea

Chemotherapy also effect on our digestive system, During this treatment  the lining of your stomach and intestines become damaged, which cause diarrhea.

Patient may experience loose watery stools several times a day.

It can also be accompanied by nausea, bloating and cramps.

In addition diarrhea may be a consequence of biochemical changes  due to chemotherapy.


5. Mouth Sores:

Chemotherapy can cause sore inside the mouth, and on the mucous lining of the throat and digestive tract.

These sores are known as mucousitis, which can cause pain and infection and also makes it difficult to eat, drink swallow.

These are some of the common side effects of chemotherapy

Always tell your and oncology nurse about any side effects that you may be experiencing due to chemotherapy.



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